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Yunnan Province

Population: 44,150,000

GDP (PPP): CNY400.2 billion (2006)

Nationalities:Han (67%), Yi (11%), Bai (3.6), Hani (3.4%), Zhuang (2.7%), Dai (2.7%), Miao (2.5%), and Hui (1.5%)

Area: 394,100 km2.

Local Weather: Click for Kunming, Yunnan Forecast

Altitude: 4,000 meters in the northern mountain region; 2,000 meters on the southern highland.

Climatic features: from north to south the province spans three climatic zones ; temperate, subtropical, and tropical - conspicuous changes in climate; two clear-cut seasons, dry and humid rainy season from May to October.

Average temperature: 8oC to 17oC in January, 11oC to 29oC in July.

Annual average rainfall: 600-2,300 mm; low precipitation in the northwest, high in the southeast; 60 percent of the rain falls from June to August.

Physical features: high in the northwest and low in the southeast; over 90 percent of the province is mountainous; the relative height of mountain peaks from river valleys can be as much as 3,000 meters.

Rivers: Nujiang, Lancang, Jinsha, Yuanjiang, and Nanpan Rivers.

Products: rice, wheat, corn, sorghum, potatoes, sugar cane, peanuts, soybeans, peas, rape, tea, oranges, bananas, pineapples, cocoanuts, walnuts; cotton, silk cocoons; flue-cured tobacco, timber; tropical plants; tin, copper, zinc, marble, phosphorus.

Administrative divisions: 8 autonomous prefectures, 11 cities, 86 counties, and 28 autonomous counties.

Capital: Kunming

Neighboring areas: Sichuan and Guizhou Provinces; Tibet and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Regions.

Neighboring countries: Burma, Laos, and Vietnam.

Major cities: Kunming, Dongchuan, Gejiu, Dali, Luxi, Jinghong.

Tourist attractions: Kunming, city of 'eternal spring'; hot springs of Anning in Kunming; Dianchi Lake, south of Kunming; Stone Forest, a typical karst area, about 80 kilometers east of Kunming.

Comments: Yunnan is the province with the largest number of nationalities in China.

Elevation extremes: The highest point in the north is the Kagebo Peak in Deqin County on the Deqin Plateau, which is about 6,740 meters high; and the lowest is in the Honghe River Valley in Hekou County, with an elevation of 76.4 meters.

Natural resources:

Yunnan abounds in natural resources. It is known as the kingdom of plants, animals and home of non-ferrous metals and medicinal herbs.

The province not only has more plant species of tropical, subtropical, temperate, and frozen zones than any other province in the country, but also has many ancient, derivative plants, as well as species introduced from foreign countries. Among the 30,000 species of plants in China, 18,000 can be found in Yunnan.

More than 150 kinds of minerals have been discovered in the province. The potential value of the proven deposits in Yunnan is 3 trillion yuan, 40% of which come from fuel minerals, 7.3% from metallic minerals, and 52.7% from nonmetallic minerals.

Yunnan has proved deposits of 86 kinds of minerals in 2,700 places. Some 13% of the proved deposits of minerals are the largest of their kind in China, and two-thirds of the deposits are among the largest of their kind in the Yangtze River valley and in south China. Yunnan ranks first in the country in deposits of zinc, lead, tin, cadmium, indium, thallium, and crocidolite.

Yunnan has sufficient rainfall and many rivers and lakes. The annual water flow originating in the province is 200 billion cubic meters, three times that of the Yellow River. The rivers flowing into the province from outside add 160 billion cubic meters, which means there are more than 10,000 cubic meters of water for each person in the province. This is four times the average in the country. The rich water resources offer abundant hydro-energy.

Tourism resources: Yunnan is attractive with its rich tourism resources, including beautiful landscape, colorful ethnic customs, and a pleasant climate.