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Shanghai Municipality

Population (2007): 18,450,000

GDP (2007): US$157.8 billion

Nationalities: Han, Hui, and Manchu

Local Weather: Click for Hua Shan, Shaanxi Forecast

Area: 7,037 km²

Altitude: 2 - 5 meters on the plains

Coastline: 200 kilometers long

Climatic features: subtropical, maritime, monsoonal climate; four distinct seasons; plum rains around June; typhoons in summer.

Average temperature: 2oC to 3.5oC in January, 27oC to 28oC in July.

Annual average rainfall: 1,000 mm.

Physical features: low-lying and flat; situated on the Yangtze (Changjiang) River Delta.

Products: rice, wheat, potatoes, rape, soybeans, peanuts; cotton, silk cocoons; pears; sea products.

Administrative divisions: 12 districts and 10 counties

Neighboring areas: Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces

Comments:

Shanghai is China's most comprehensive industrial and commercial city, ranking No. 1 in population and population density, as well as a sea port, science and technology center and business center. A tourist city, it attracts travelers from both home and abroad by its commercial activity rather than scenic beauty.

Elevation extremes:

The average elevation is about 4 meters above sea level. Except for a few hills lying in the southwest corner, most parts of Shanghai are flat and belong to the alluvial plain of the Yangtze River Delta. According to the 2000 survey, Shanghai covers a total area of 6,340.5 sq km, about 0.06% of the national territory, including 6,219 sq km of land area and 122 sq km of water area. It extends 120 km from south to north and 100 km from east to west. Its Chongming Island, covering an area of 1,041 sq km, is the third largest island in China.

Climate:

With a pleasant northern subtropical maritime monsoon climate, Shanghai enjoys four distinct seasons, with generous sunshine and abundant rainfall. Its spring and autumn are relatively short comparing with the summer and winter. The average annual temperature is about 17.6 ˇăC. The city has a frost-free period of some 300 days, and receives an annual rainfall of some 1,300 mm. However, nearly 50 percent of the precipitation comes during the May-September flooding season, which is divided into three rainy periods, namely, the Spring Rains, the Plum Rains and the Autumn Rains.

Natural resources:

Dotted with many rivers and lakes, Shanghai is known for its rich water resources, with the water area accounting for 11% of its total territory. Most of the rivers are tributaries of the Huangpu River. Originated from the Taihu Lake, the 113 km Huangpu River winds through the downtown area of the city. The river is about 300-770 meters wide with an average width standing at 360 meters. The ice-free river is the main waterway in the Shanghai area.

The total water reserve in Shanghai stands at 2.7 billion cubic meters, 200 cubic meters per capita.

Facing the East China Sea, Shanghai has abundant aquatic resources. There are a total of more than 700 types of aquatic products in the East China Sea and Yellow Sea. In addition, Shanghai is located at the mouth of the Yangtze River where sea water and fresh water converge. The wide river mouth is home to 108 species of fish including 20 economic fishes. Shanghai also boasts a number of natural lakes with abundant bottom living things such as conch, Corbicula leana (a fresh-water variety of bivalves) and clam.

Tourism resources:

As a city of a long history, Shanghai has 13 historical sites under state protection, including characteristic gardens built during the Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. A group of architectures built since the 1990s have added something new to the scenic attractions of the city. The Oriental Pearl TV tower, the No. 1 skyscraper in China and the People's Square well fit into the urban landscape and compete with the Western-style architectures built along the bunds.