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Gansu Province

Population: The year 2005 saw a birth rate of 12.59бы, and a death rate of 6.57бы in the province. The natural growth rate of the population stood at 6.02бы. At the end of the year, the total population with permanent residence stood at 25.944 million.

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Employment: A total of 13,100 laid-off workers from state-owned enterprises got re-employed during the year. By the end of the year, 13.914 million of the province's population with permanent residence were employed.

GDP: CNY269.9 billion (2007).

Social security: In 2005, insurance plans for unemployment and medical treatment covered a population of 1.60 million and 1.766 million respectively. About 680,400 residents received minimum living allowances from the government, an increase of 11.54% from 2004.

GDP per capita: CNY10,335 (2007)

Geography and Natural Conditions: 1,000-3,000 meters.

Capital: Lanzhou

Natural resources: Land:Gansu features a land area of 455,000 sq km, including 4.54 million ha of cultivated land at the end of 2004. In 2004, some 4,500 ha of wasteland were reclaimed, and about 153,800 hectares of farmland were converted for forestry and pasture.

Minerals: Nearly 3,000 deposits of 145 kinds of minerals have been found and the reserves of 94 kinds of minerals have been ascertained, including nickel, cobalt, platinum family elements, selenium, casting clay, finishing serpentine, and five other minerals whose reserves are the largest in the country. Gansu has special advantages in tapping 15 kinds of minerals such as nickel, zinc, cobalt, platinum, iridium, copper, stibium, barite, and baudisserite.

Energy: The water resources in Gansu are mainly distributed in nine river systems in the Yellow, Yangtze, and inland river drainage basins with an annual discharge of 61.4 billion cubic meters and a combined hydropower potential of 17.24 million kw. Gansu places ninth among China's provinces and autonomous regions in terms of hydropower potential. To date, 29 hydropower stations have been constructed in the province with an installed generating capacity of 30 million kw and an annual output of 23.565 billion kwh. The Liujiaxia, Yanguoxia, and Bapanxia hydropower stations on the upper reaches of the Yellow River and the Bikou Hydropower Station on the Bailong River have a total installed capacity of 2.125 million kw. The proved reserves of coal are 8.92 billion tons, and those of petroleum, between 600 and 700 million tons. There is also a considerable potential for the development of wind and solar energies.

Animals and plants: There are 659 species of wild animals, including the giant panda, snub-nosed monkey, antelope, snow leopard, deer, fawn, musk deer, bactrian (two-humped) camel, and 24 other first-class rare animals under state protection, and 441 species of birds in Gansu Province. There are over 4,000 species of wild plants including 951 species of medical value. Among the plants of medical value, 450 species, such as angelica root, rhubarb, hairy asiabell root, licorice root, fritillary bulb, mariajuana, the bark of eucommia, glossy ganoderma, and Chinese caterpillar fungus, have been developed. Gansu holds second place among China's provinces and autonomous regions in the variety of medicinal herbs.

By the end of 2005, the province had established 54 nature reserves.