In January 1946 representatives of the Kuomintang and the Communist Party signed a truce agreement and, with the participation of U.S. representatives, formed the "Committee of Three" and the "Peiping Executive Headquarters for Military Mediation". The Headquarters sent representatives to various localities to oversee the truce.

Deng speaking at a cadres' meeting, after their arrival in the Dabie Mountains. He encouraged his men to bear in mind the overall interest of the country and to be ready to shoulder heavy burdens in the war in order to lighten the load of their comrades fighting elsewhere.

In November 1948 the Revolutionary Military Commission of the Central Committee set up a five-men General Front-line Committee, with Deng as its Secretary, to provide unified leadership for the Central Plains and East China Field Armies. From left: Su Yu, Deng, Liu Bocheng, Chen Yi and Tan Zhenlin.

After 15 days of fierce fighting, the PLA routed 150,000 enemy troops, which has retreated to defend Shanghai, and liberated this largest city of China in May 1949.

Residents of Nanjing lining the streets to give the troops a warm send-off in October 1949, when on order of the Military Commission of the Central Committee and of Mao Zedong, the Second Field Army left for southwest China.

Deng's Inscription:
"The people's liberation was won at the cost of the blood of countless martyrs. Cherishing their memory, we should treasure their cause and consolidate their victory. But more important, we should carry on their spirit--the spirit that enabled them to surmount the greatest hardships and difficulties, to fight bravely and sacrifice themselves. We should carry out their behest by striving to bring about the final and complete emancipation of the Chinese nation and the Chinese people!"

Deng, He Long and Zhu De attending an All-Army Sports Meet held in Beijing in August 1952, on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the founding of the PLA.

The successful test of China's first atomic bomb in October 1964 marked the beginning of a new stage in the modernization of national defense.

During the enlarged meeting of the Central Military Commission in December 1986, Deng met commanders and political commissars of the greater military areas, introduced one by one by Yang Shangkun. "I'm pleased to see," he said, "that our army now has a younger generation in leading positions."