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REVOLUTIONARY AND STATESMAN

?TABLE width="100%"> Among those who went to France with Deng were his uncle Deng Shaosheng (Left, with Deng Xiaoping ) .

The monthly Red Light, organ of the European Branch of the Chinese Socialist Youth League. Deng helped with editing, cutting stencils and mimeographing, and wrote articles for the monthly, repudiating imperialism and anti-Marxist thought.

Towards the end of 1927 Deng became chief secretary of the Central Committee. In the summer of 1929 he was sent to Guangxi Province to advise the local Party organizations on ways to carry on revolutionary struggles. He often held meetings on the second floor of the Guangchang Gas Lamp Store in Nanning (Photo) During the Long March of the First Front Army of the Red Army, Deng resumed his post as chief secretary of the Central Committee. In January 1935 he attended the famous Zunyi Meeting in Guizhou Province, which ended of dominance in the Central Committee of the "Left" Adventist line represented by Wang Ming and established the correct line represented by Mao Zedong. Deng and Zhuo Lin in the Taihang Mountain Revolutionary Base Area after their marriage in Yanan in August 1939. They were to become life-long revolutionary companions.
Deng speaking at the Second Plenary Session of the Partys Seventh Central Committee, held in Xibaipo Village, Pingshan County, Hebei Province, in March 1949, on the eve of nationwide victory. At this Session Mao Zedong called on the entire Party to shift the focus of its work from the rural areas to the cities. Standing atop Tiananmen Gate, Mao Zedong Solemnly declared the founding of the Central Peoples Government of the peoples Republic of China and personally hoisted the first national flag. (On his left, Dong Biwu.) Deng and citizens of Chongqing welcoming a local government delegation from Tibet, headed by Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme(first on left, facing camera), en route to Beijing in April 1951.
In May, the delegation reached an agreement with representatives of the Central Peoples Government on the peaceful liberation of Tibet.
In 1966 Mao Zedong made the mistake of initiating the "cultural revolution", which was exploited by the counterrevolutionary cliques of Lin Biao (on Maos left) and Jiang Qing. This resulted in a decade of nationwide disorder that caused the gravest losses to the Party, the state and the people. In March 1973, with the approval of Mao Zedong, Deng resumed his regular Party activities and the post of Vice-Premier of the State Council, In April he attended a banquet given by Zhou Enlai in honor of Prince Norodom Sihanouk of Kampuchea. This was Dengs first public appearance in six years, an event that attracted wide attention. In late 1974 Mao Zedong said, "Deng Xiaoping is a man who excels in political and ideological affairs, and very few people can match him in that respect.". In January 1975 Deng, re-appointed Vice-Premier, also became Vice-Chairman of the Central Committee, Vice-Chairman of the Central Military Commission and Chief of the General Staff of the Peoples Liberation Army. Because Zhou Enlai was seriously ill, Deng was put in charge of the day-to-day work of the Party, government and army. Tiananmen Square in early April 1976: days before April 5, the traditional day to honor the dead, people assembled to mourn the death of Zhou Enlai.
Defying prohibitions by the Gang of Four, several million people came to Tiananmen Square to lay wreaths in front of the Monument to the Peoples Heroes, put up political posters, recite poems and made speeches to express their esteem for their late beloved Premier and to denounce the Gang of Four. These demonstrations touched off similar rallies throughout the country, which became known as the "April 5th Movement".
Deng shaking hands with Chen Jingrun, a young mathematician, when meeting delegates to a National Conference on Science held in Beijing in March 1978. In his speech at the opening ceremony he elaborated on the Marxist concept that science and technology are part of of the productive forces and declared that modernizing them was the key to modernizing agriculture, industry and defense. Deng and Chen Yun at the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee in December 1978. At that Session the Central Committee reaffirmed the Marxist ideological, political and organizational lines and made the strategic policy decision to shift the focus of the Partys work to socialist modernization. Dengs inscription, "seeking truth from facts", which he believes to be the quintessence of Mao Zedong Thought.
Deng speaking at a forum organized in March 1979 by the Central Committee on the principles for the Partys theoretical work. He emphasized that to achieve modernization, China must adhere to Four Cardinal Principles: keeping to the socialist road, upholding the peoples democratic dictatorship, upholding leadership by the Communist Party and upholding Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought. On his right is Song Ching Ling. Deng speaking at a New Year tea party held by the National Committee of the CPPCC in 1980. He outlined three major tasks for the 1980s: to step up socialist modernization, to strive for Chinas re-unification, particularly for the return of Taiwan, and to oppose hegemonies and safeguard world peace.
Dengs inscription in the visitors book at the Jingshan School in Beijing on October 1 (National Day), 1983: "Education should be geared to the needs of modernization, the world and the future."
With Armand Hammer, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of the Occidental Petroleum Corporation (U.S.).(June 1985)
With An Wang, Chairman of the Board and President of the Wang Computer Industry Development Company(U.S.).(October 1986) In February 1984, at a meeting with a delegation from the Center for Strategic and International Studies of Georgetown University in Washington, Deng set forth the concept of "one country, two systems". He believed it could offer a sensible solution to certain international disputes.

Front cover of the U.S. news weekly Time showing Deng as "Man of the Year" for 1985. The same magazine had chosen him as the "Man of the Year" for 1978. Deng has become a word figure.